Saturday March 19, 2016

8:00 AM-8:55 AM

Introduction to Structural Equation Modeling: Foundations and Applications

This session is an introduction on the principles of structural equation modeling. Topics include: basics of SEM, types of research questions SEM can address, limitations and assumptions of SEM, confirmatory factor analysis, path analysis, and introductory concepts of hypothesis testing. (SRME).  Presenters:  Christopher  Johnson, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas ; Martin BergeeThe University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas  Presider: Mark Montemayor, University of Northern Colorado. Chastain I/J

Presentation Session 16
8:00 AM-8:25 AM

Analysis of Publication Decisions for Journal of Research in Music Education Manuscripts

Characteristics of manuscripts submitted to the JRME that received a publication decision from February 2009 through March 2014 (n = 423) were examined. Results indicated that qualitative and quantitative submissions were accepted/not accepted in approximately the same proportions, and that publications decisions were not systematically attributable to research methodology. (SRME).  Presenter:  Wendy L.  Sims, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO Co-Presenter: Jackie  Lordo, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO; Cynthia Williams  Phelps, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO  Presider: Steven Morrison, University of Washington. Augusta Room 1

Mentorship Between LGBTQ Student Teachers and Successful LGBTQ Educators: An Examination of Informal Learning

The purpose of this intrinsic case study was to examine informal learning between student teachers in music education who identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or questioning (LGBTQ) and successful music teachers with similar identities who were willing to serve as external mentors via online communication. (SMTE). Presenter:  Donald M  Taylor, University of North Texas, Denton, TX. Presider: Lori Gray, University of Montana. Augusta Room 2

Placido de Montoliu’s Instructional Approach to Dalcroze Eurhythmics in Pennsylvania in the Early Twentieth Century

In fall 1913, Placido de Montoliu, a Spanish protégé of Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, began teaching Eurhythmics at the Phebe Anna Thorne School within Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania. This paper presents historical research on Montoliu’s pedagogical approach and details his work as the earliest Eurhythmics instructor within an American school curriculum. (SRME). Presenter:  Bonnie S.  Jacobi, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado Presider: Loneka Battiste, University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Augusta Room 3

Cumulative Strategies for Increasing Student Success on Secondary Instruments

 Developing competent skills on secondary instruments within the crowded curriculum of a comprehensive undergraduate music education degree can be difficult. This session will offer insight on seven strategies I have used to weave experience on secondary instruments into the music education curriculum within the content of courses likely already exist. (SMTE).  Presenter: Kathy  MelagoSlippery Rock University of Pennsylvania, Slippery Rock, PA  Presider: Wesley Brewer, Roosevelt University. Chastain 1

 Programs, Practices, and Policies in Music Education: Incorporating PK in Music Teacher Education

Music education researchers, specializing in music teacher education focus on the preparation of music teachers to teach children in pre-kindergarten (PK). They discuss programs, practices, and policies challenging the role of music in young children’s lives, the inclusion of PK in music teacher education, and meeting new PK music standards. (SMTE). Presenter:  Suzanne L.  Burton, University of Delaware, Newark, DE Co-Presenter: Alison  Reynolds, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA; Wendy  Valerio, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina  Presider: Jeffrey Marlatt, Shenandoah Conservatory. Chastain E

A National Survey of Graduate Music Education Courses Focused on Assessment

Assessment literacy has become a focal point for professional development and graduate education. We surveyed faculty at NASM-accredited music schools. A graduate course on music assessment is offered at only 58% of institutions. Face-to-face instructional formats are most common, and classroom assessment skills germane to K-12 music teaching are emphasized. (SRME).  Presenter: James R.  Austin, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO Co-Presenter: Joshua A.  Russell, The Hartt School – University of Hartford, West Hartford, CT  Presider: Steven Demorest, Northwestern University. Chastain F

Student Learning Objectives: Ensuring Quality Assessment Practices

This research-based session will present a series of effective approaches for supporting music teachers by demystifying the SLO process and providing professional development designed to facilitate creation and implementation of valid and reliable student assessments that are developmentally appropriate, rigorous, and provide high quality student growth data. (CMPL)  Presenter:  Stephanie  Prichard, University of Maryland, College Park, MD  Presider: Jeffrey Murdock, The University of Arkansas. Chastain G/H

Reminiscence and Music Participation among Older Adults

The purpose of this research was to explore the ways in which adults in their 60s, 70s, and 80s reminisced about past musical events over the course of their lives. Salient themes included self-acceptance, bittersweet associations with music, and the reconciliation of life events. (SRME)  Presenter: Nathan B.  KruseCase Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio  Presider: Daryl Kinney, Ohio State University. Peachtree 1

Presentation Session 17
8:30 AM-8:55 AM

A longitudinal analysis of the music teacher workforce in the United States from 1987-2012.

We examined 25 years of data from the Schools and Staffing Survey to compare the demographics for music and arts educators with others from across the US. Subtle, yet profound changes suggest decades of educational reforms and societal changes are reflected in the teacher pool although music remained consistent throughout. (SRME).   Presenter:  Carl B.  Hancock, The University of Alabama, School of Music, Tuscaloosa, AL Co-Presenter: Ann M.  Porter, University of Cincinnati, College-Conservatory of Music, Cincinnati, OH Presider: Joseph Parisi, University of Missouri – Kansas City. Augusta Room 1


Examining technology integration in light of the CAEP standards: Considerations for pre-service music teacher education

This paper presentation examines assumptions upon which technology integration curricular practices have developed within pre-service music teacher education. As well, it proposes a new avenue for consideration of technology integration in light of the new Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP) standards. (SMTE).  Presenter:  Katie  Carlisle, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia  Presider: Alden Snell, University of Delaware. Augusta Room 2


Edutainment in the Practice Room: The Effects of Technological Practice Aids on Middle School Self-Regulated Practice Behaviors


The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects of the Tonal Energy iPad application on middle school students’ ability to self-regulate practice behaviors. Critical listening retention and problem solving skills while using technology were investigated. Results indicated that use of Tonal Energy resulted in significant increases in self-regulated domains. (SRME). Presenter:  Robin E  SchapsUniversity of Georgia, Athens, Georgia  Presider: Brian Silvey, University of Missouri. Augusta Room 3

Life as a Researcher: Continued Exploration of an Alternative Dissertation Model

With this project we continued to explore the process and effectiveness of a multi-study dissertation model from the perspective of doctoral students and faculty. We will report findings from our follow-up study with doctoral students and members of their committees, interviewed to gain a deeper understanding of their perspectives. (SMTE).  Presenter:  Linda C.  Thornton, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA Co-Presenter: Joanne  Rutkowski, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA. Presider: Debbie O’Connell, Winston-Salem State University. Chastain 1.

Preparing Pre-Service Music Educators: Who, How, When?

Coordinators of Music Education perceptions of faculty teaching MUED courses and levels of commitment to the overall goals of preparing pre-service music educators. Issues of academic freedom versus the scope and sequence of pre-service music educator training, as well as issues of professor qualifications including previous public school teaching experience. Presenter: Jamila L.  McWhirter, Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU), Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Co-Presenter: Jill  Wilson, Luther College, Decorah, Iowa.  (SMTE).  Presider: Tami Draves, The University of Arizona. Chastain E


NCCAS Model Cornerstone Assessments: Research Illustrating Appropriateness of Use In K-12 Schools To Measure Student Learning

This session reports findings about the scoring consistency, validity, reliability, teacher perceptions and utility of the Model Cornerstone Assessments, as piloted in Fall 2015. Qualitative and quantitative data analyses will be shared and implications given will assist researchers become familiar with the assessments and how they may appropriately be used. (SRME).  Presenter:  Kelly A  Parkes, Teachers College Columbia University, New York, NY Co-Presenters: Frederick  Burrack, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS; Brian  Wesolowski, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA  Presider: Ruth Brittin, University of the Pacific. Chastain F

Teacher Evaluation Feedback: Receival, Reactions and Resistance

This session shares current research of music teacher evaluation, focusing on feedback given to ensemble directors by non-music and music-based administrators. We describe examples of administrative evaluative feedback and how musical language may be situated in these conversations; and, discuss ways teachers implement evaluation feedback back into the ensemble classroom. (SMTE).  Presenter:  Heather  Cote, Westwood Public Schools, Westwood, MA  Co-Presenters: Cara  Bernard, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut; Joy  Hirokawa, Moravian College, Bethlehem, PA  Presider: Ryan Fisher, University of Memphis. Chastain G/H


Think About Your Fingers: Focus of Attention Affects Performance on a Woodwind Instrument

Woodwind players may direct their attention internally (movement of fingers) or externally (keys or aural feedback). The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of focus of attention on performance by novice and experienced woodwind players. Results lead to recommendations for woodwind practice and instruction. (SRME).  Presenter:  Laura A.  StambaughGeorgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA  Presider: Deborah Confredo, Temple University. Peachtree 1

SRME SRIG Chairs Meeting
9:00 AM-9:55 AM

Chastain E

Presider: Steven Demorest, Northwestern University

State Research Chairs Meeting 
9:00 AM-9:55 AM
Chastain I/J

Presider: Sandra Stauffer, Arizona State University

SMTE Summary Session
9:00 AM-9:55 AM
Chastain G/H

Presider: Susan Conkling, Boston University

CMPL Summary Session
9:00 AM-9:55 AM
Peachtree 1

Presider: Heather Cote, Westwood Public Schools

Senior Researcher Address
10:00 AM-11:00 AM
ugusta 1/2/3

Poster Session III
11:00 AM-12:30 PM
Overlook & Chastain 2

A Cross-sectional Examination of Children’s Interactivities with the iPad App: Carnival of the Animals. Catherine Ming  Tu, Texas A&M University-Kingsville, Kingsville, TX

A Longitudinal Investigation of Phonological Awareness and Music Aptitude.  Mara E.  Culp, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

A Mixed-Methods Study of a Collegiate Marching Band Members’ Group Beliefs Throughout a Performance Season. Wendy K.  Matthews, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan

A Preliminary Examination of Music Education Students’ Perceptions of Essential Professional Teaching Dispositions. Natalie Steele  Royston, Iowa State University, Ames, IA; Jill  Wilson, Luther College, Decorah, IA

A Quantitative Analysis of the Relationship Between pre-K – 12 Music Educators and Collegiate Music Educators and Researchers: Assessing Philosophy, Research Dissemination and Implementation, and Perceived Relationships Between Researcher and Practitioner, Meghan Sheehy, The University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS

A Vague Beginning of a Direction, Mark C.  Adams, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI; Stuart Chapman  Hill, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI; Kevin  Watson, Western University, London, Canada, London, ON;  Dennis P.  Giotta,Southeast Local School District, Apple Creek, OH; Becky L.  Marsh, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI; Vallie Susanne  Owens, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX

A Zero-Sum Game?: How the Introduction of Popular Music Ensembles in Secondary Schools Impacts Overall Student Enrollment in Traditional Music Programs. Bryan  Powell, Amp Up NYC, New York, NY; Scott  Burstein, Little Kids Rock, Verona, NJ

Acculturation and Perceptions of Children’s Participation in Extracurricular Musical Activities by Immigrant Parents. Yoo Ji  Hwang, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California; Eun  Cho, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California

An Examination of Non-Traditional Alternative Music Teacher Certification Programs. Edward C  Hoffman, III, University of Montevallo, Montevallo, Alabama

An Examination of Student Demographic Factors and Student Enrollment in Elective Music Courses. Andrew H  Homburg, Missouri State University, Springfield, MO; William T  Grega, Springfield Public Schools, Springfield, MO

An Exploration of Recent Approaches to Research in Music Education. Joanne  Rutkowski, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Mara E  Culp, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Yo-Jung  Han, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Lindsay J  Fulcher, Ball State University, Muncie, IN; Anne-Marie  Hildebrandt, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Mackinlay S  Himes, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Daniel J  Shevock, The Pennsylvania State University – Altoona, Altoona, PA; Kristina R  Weimer, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

An Exploration of the Use of and the Attitudes Toward Technology in First-Year Instrumental Music. Danni  Gilbert, Doane College, Crete, Nebraska

An Investigation of Music Teachers’ Job Satisfaction and Perceived Sources of Stress Within the Current Educational Environment of a Midwestern State. Phillip D  Payne, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS; Frederick  Burrack, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS

Before the singing: The journey of an artistic director. Cynthia Williams  Phelps, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri

Being Bimusical: Experiences of Mexican American Students and Music Faculty Functioning in Multiple Musical Genres. Amanda C  Soto, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX

Charting the Headwaters of Music Education Research: A Bibliographic Analysis of the Sources Referenced in the Journal of Research in Music Education from 1953 to 2015. Carl B.  Hancock, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL; Harry E.  Price, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA; E. Danielle  Todd, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL

Chinese Ethnic Cultural Expression In National Music Textbooks. Wenzhuo  Zhang, Boston University, Boston, MA

Colleen  Pinar, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Computer simulated or traditional laboratory dissection: A comparison of experiences on student knowledge of and perceptions toward dissection in a vocal pedagogy course for pre-service music educators. Melissa C  Brunkan, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA

Cooperating Music Teachers’ Opinions Regarding the Importance of Selected Traits as Predictors of Successful Student Teaching Experiences. Philip B.  Edelman, University of Missouri – Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri

Cooperating Teachers Perceptions of Working with Higher Education Institutions. Heather A  Russell, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio; Elisabeth  Bryant, Corley Elementary School, Lawrenceville, Georgia

Culturally Relevant Pedagogy: An Application to General Music. Kimberly Rene  Gardner, Davenport Central High School, Davenport, Iowa

Current Audition Formats for Honors Choral Ensembles: A National Survey. Sandra A  Howard, Keene State College, Keene, NH

Developing a Community of Practice: Examining the Impact on K-12 Music Educators. Michael S  Zelenak, Alabama State University, Montgomery, AL

Effect of Self-Listening on Self-Evaluation Accuracy. Nancy L.  Summitt, University of Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee; Ryan A.  Fisher, University of Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee

Effect of Varying Conducting Gestures on Ensemble Performance Quality. Gabriel  Arnold, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL

Effects of blocked and random practice schedules on pitch and interval accuracy among skilled singers. Mark A  Montemayor, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, Colorado; Melynie  Campbell, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, Colorado; William B. Ecker, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, Colorado.

Effects of Interventions on Beginning Band Students’ Range, Embouchure Development, Breath Support, and Articulation: A Multiple Baseline Study. Martin  Bergee, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas; Quinton  Bockhold, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas; Erin  Funk, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas; Philip  Kaul, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas; Hannah  Stevens, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas

Effects of Stimulus Octave and Timbre on the Tuning Accuracy of Advanced College Instrumentalists. James L.  Byo, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA; Amanda L.  Schlegel, University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS

Equipping a Pre-Service Educator to Teach Elementary Music to Impoverished Children in Nigeria: A Case Study. Vicki D.  Baker, Texas Woman’s University, Denton, TX; Blessed  Onaiwu, Texas Woman’s University, Denton, TX

Evaluation of a String Performance Rating Scale using the Multifaceted Rasch Partial Credit Measurement Model. Kinsey Emiline  Edwards, University of Georgia, Athens, GA

Expediting Novice Teacher’s Ability to Provide Effective, Specific, Succinct and Accurate Verbal Feedback in Instrumental Teaching Settings. Lisa M  Maynard, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA

Factors Contributing to the Development of Vocal Self-Concept in Adolescent Females Experiencing Vocal Expansion: A Comparative Case Study of Four Choral Students. Cathy J.  Dunstan, Shenandoah Conservatory of Shenandoah University, Winchester, VA

Feel the Beat: Synchronization and Rhythmic Entrainment in Group Exercise Classes. Bethany  Grant-Rodriguez, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

From Beer Garden to Jazz Band II: Broadening Music Education through Fieldwork Projects in a Secondary General Music Methods Course. Lisa Huisman  Koops,Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH; Christa R.  Kuebel, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH

Funny Tests: Elementary Students’ Performance and Outlook on a Music Test Employing Humor. Tiger  Robison, The Hartt School, University of Hartford, West Hartford, CT

Gap Detection and Musical Aptitude/Experience: Pedagogical Implications for Music Educators. Matthew  Hoch, Auburn University, Auburn, AL

Goal Orientation in Music, Music Activities, and Music Education Literature: A Meta-Analysis.

Humility, Egoism and Music Education: A Theoretical Examination of Social-Musical Constructs. William J.  Coppola, University of Washington, Seattle, WA

Implications of Student Engagement Pathways of First-Year Music Majors’ Experiences in Non-Performance Courses. Rosetta  Dingle, South Carolina State University, Orangeburg, SC

Influence of Preservice Teacher Instrumental Background upon Pedagogical Content Knowledge and Teaching Effectiveness in Secondary Instrument Techniques Classes. Sean R  Powell, University of North Texas, Denton, TX; Molly A  Weaver, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV

In-Service Music Educators’ Perceptions of Functional Piano Skills. Alden H  Snell II, University of Delaware, Newark, DE; David A  Stringham,  James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA

Interval Discrimination and Melodic Dictation as Implications of Cognitive Processing. Dorothy J  Musselwhite, University of Georgia, Athens, GA.; Brian C  Wesolowski, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia; George  Engelhard University of Georgia, Dept. of Educational Psychology, Athens, Georgia (GA)

Learning & Development (SRME)- Effects of Women’s Choir Voicing on Listener Judgments of Blend and Tone. Judy  Bowers, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida; John  Geringer, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida; Lesley  Mann, Belmont Univeristy, Nashville, Tennessee; Chandler  Bridges, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida

Multicultural Music Education: A Critical Review of Terminology. Camilo I  Leal, University of Florida, Gainesville, Alachua

“Multitasking” and competition for focus of attention: A 20 & 30 year replication.Clifford K  Madsen, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida; Chandler R  Bridges, Jr., Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida

Music Ensemble Participation: Personality Traits and Musical Experience. Tracy A.  Torrance and Jennifer A. Bugos, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL

Music Teacher Attrition and Turnover: The Role of the Local University in Developing Preventative Measures. Sarah H.  McQuarrie, Bridgewater State University, Bridgewater, MA; Ronald G.  Sherwin, University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, MA

Music Teacher Education: Building a Professional Community of Learners. Jeffrey  Marlatt, Shenandoah Conservatory, Winchester, VA

Music Teachers’ Responses to Educational Change: Applications of Social Network Theory and Analysis. Ryan D.  Shaw, Capital University, Columbus, Ohio

Musical and Sociological Perceptions of Collegiate Male Choral Singers. Patrick K  Freer, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA

Non – Musicians’ Preferences for Different Variants of Bow Skew in a Violin Performance. David W.  Sogin, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky

Optimism vs. Pessimism: An Analysis of Explanatory Style and Undergraduate Music Student Achievement. Russell B  Gavin, Baylor University, Waco, Texas; Jason M  Silveira, Ithaca College, Ithaca, New York

Participant Perception and Assessment of a Music and Dance Improvisation Project. Patricia E.  Riley, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont

Pedagogical Content Skill Knowledge as a Theoretical Framework: Implications for Music Teacher Preparation and Practices. Kyle  Chandler, Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, AR; Si  Millican,The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX; Sommer  Forrester, University of Massachusetts – Boston, Boston, MA; Ed  Duling, Kent State University, Kent, OH

Piano Proficiency Requirements and Practices in Music Teacher Training. Amy E  Spears, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska; Lori F.  Gray, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana; Kathryn L.  Evans, Towson University, Towson, Maryland; Kyle  Chandler, Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, Arkansas

Preparation of Licensed Arts Educators: National Trends and Data Quality. Christopher K  Dye, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Pre-Service Teachers and Students with Special Needs: Building Relationships.  Judith A  Sullivan, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, Tennessee

Promoting Engagement: Investigating Connections Between Service-Learning and Universal Design for Learning. Raychl Elizabeth  Smith, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC; Dennis  McCunney, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC; Marissa  Nesbit, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC; Jennifer  Sisk, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC; Smith  Meagan, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC; Robert  Quinn, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC; Cynthia  Bickley-Green, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC; Gagandeep  Kaur, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC

Relationships between Mindfulness Disposition, Perfectionism, Anxiety, and Self-Reported Meditation Practice among Collegiate Musicians. Frank M  Diaz, UMKC Conservatory of Music and Dance, Kansas City, MO

Research Productivity in Music Education / Therapy: Update of Publication Records from 1993-2013. Christopher  Johnson, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas; Beth  Wheeler, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas; Eugenia  Hernandez-Ruiz, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas

Self-Reported Versus Observed Self-Regulated Practice Behaviors in Middle and High School Band Students. Tina M.  Holmes-Davis, Georgia College, Milledgeville, GA

Sexual Orientation and Diversity Topics in Preservice Music Teacher Education. Matthew C  Fiorentino, Boise State University, Boise, Idaho

String Traditions and Advanced Technique: How Traditional, Informal, and Multicultural Music Informs Modern Teaching. Robert C  Saunders, University of Miami, Miami, FL

Survey on Undergraduate Research Experiences in Music Education: Senior Capstone Project and Teacher Work Sample. Kristin L.  Harney, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana; Gregory D.  Young. Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana

Teacher Evaluation in the State of Washington and Its Impact on Assessment in Secondary Music Classrooms. Peter John  Hamlin, Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA

Teacher Retention (SMTE)- An Analysis of State-Led Initiatives to Improve Teacher Retention. Matthew D.  Talbert, Berea College, Berea, Kentucky

The China Experience: Constructing Partnerships Between American and Chinese Universities. Janice N  Killian, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX; John B  Wayman, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX; Vallie S  Owens, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX; Adrian D  Barnes, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX; Shawna Martin  Laity, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX

The Development of a Hierarchy of Basic Rhythmic Bowing Patterns for String Sight-Reading. Michael L.  Alexander, Baylor University, Waco, Texas

The Effect of Gender Salience on Interest in Music Activities. Jamey  Kelley, Florida International University, Miami, FL

The Effect of Piano Playing on Preservice Teachers’ Ability to Detect Errors in a Choral Score. essica  Napoles, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT; Sandra L  Babb, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR; Adam  Zrust, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL; Judy K  Bowers, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL; Steven  Hankle, Penn State University, University Park, PA

The Effect of Program Participation on Students’ Musical Self-Efficacy. Laura Satkowski, Education Through Music, New York, New York

The Effect of Visually Presented Lyrics on Song Recall.  Yo-Jung  Han, Penn State, University Park, Pennsylvania

The Effects of a Cooperative Learning Environment on Preservice Elementary Teachers’ Interest in and the Application of Music into Core Academic Subjects. John Okley  Egger, Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne, Fort Wayne, Indiana

The Nature vs. Nurture Debate on the Role of Pitch Perception in Language Development. Joseph J.  Phillips, Manhattanville College, Purchase, NY

The Perceived Values and Benefits of Choir Participation for African American Students. Jason P  Bowers, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA

The Presence of Ethics Courses in Undergraduate Music Education Curriculum. Catheryn R  Shaw, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina; Jennifer S  Walter, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina

The Prioritization of Pitch, Rhythm, and Expression in Vocal Sight-Reading. Michele L.  Henry, Baylor University, Waco, TX

The Psychometric Evaluation of a Wind Band Performance Rating Scale using the Multifaceted Rasch Partial Credit Measurement Model. Andrew S  Edwards, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Brian C  Wesolowski, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA

The Significance of Place: Perspectives of Rural Music Educators. Gaile  Stephens, Emporia State University, Emporia, Kansas

“They Were Giving Me Feedback Without Saying Anything”: Preservice Teachers’ Perceptions on Learning, Teaching, and the Dual Role of Student and Teacher.  Lisa M.  GruenhagenBowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio

What Happened to the Tipping Point? The Resurgence of Music Education in California. Frank  Heuser, UCLA, Los Angeles, California

Where Preference Meets Praxis: Exploring the Choral Musical Preferences of Urban High School Students and their Teachers. Jeffrey Allen  Murdock, The University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR

Whose Job Is It? The Roles of Teacher and Paraeducator in the Music Classroom. Kimberly  VanWeelden, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida; Laura  Singletary, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida; Kenna  Veronee, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida